Study Abroad
Study Guide to Masters and Bachelors Degree Courses


Structure of Educational System
Admissions to Higher Education and Recognition  of Foreign Credentials 
Student Life 
International Cooperation and Exchanges   
Pre-higher Education System

     Duration of compulsory education
     Age of entry: 6
     Age of exit:  15

     Structure of school system

     Type/level of education:     Primary
     Type of school:                    PRIMARY SCHOOL
     Length of program (years): 4
     Age level:                              from 6 to 10

     Type/level of education:     Basic or General Basic
     Type of school:                    BASIC SECONDARY SCHOOL
     Length of program (years): 5
     Age level:                               from 10 to 15
     Certificate awarded:              SVIDETEL'STVO O BAZOVOM OBRAZOVANIII (CERTIFICATE

     Type/level of education:     Secondary
     Type of school:                    SECONDARY SCHOOL
     Length of program (years): 3
     Age level:                              from 15 to 18
     Certificate awarded:             ATTESTAT O SREDNEM OBRAZOVANII (CERTIFICATE OF

     Type/level of education:     Vocational
     Type of school:                    VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
     Length of program (years): 3
     Age level:                              from 15 to 18
     Certificate awarded:             DIPLOMA OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

     Type/level of education:     Specialized Secondary
     Type of school:                    SPECIALIZED SECONDARY SCHOOL
     Length of program (years): 4
     Age level:                              from 15 to 19

     Description of secondary school system

The secondary school system consists of general secondary education and vocational education. General education has three stages : primary, basic and secondary. Stages of primary and basic school education are compulsory. General secondary education is provided by secondary schools, grammar schools, lyceums and vocational schools. Vocational schools provide secondary education in parallel with job training. General secondary study programmes lead to the Certificate of Secondary Education (School Leaving Certificate). Specialized secondary education takes place in 3-4 years in a broad network of specialized secondary institutions (technical schools, higher vocational school). A Diploma of Specialized Secondary Education in awarded at the end.

Higher Education System

     Structure of system

At present, there are 38 state higher education institutions including 15 universities, 8 academies, 12 institutes, 2 higher colleges, 1 higher school. Four universities offer a traditional range of subjects. More specialized universities and other higher education institutions provide training in technology (11), education and teacher-training (5), medicine (4), agriculture and veterinary medicine (4), arts and music (3), sports (1), foreign languages (1) and economics (2). There are three military and militia higher education institutions. Besides the state higher education system, a sector of private higher education institutions has been active since 1991. At present, the reform of the higher education system is being carried out. The reform includes: a gradual transition to a two-level higher education system, a review of the register of specialities and a greater autonomy for higher education institutions.

     Main types of higher education institutions in country

     Type of institution:       UNIVERSITY

     Type of institution:       ACADEMY

     Type of institution:       INSTITUTE

     Type of institution:       HIGHER COLLEGE

     Type of institution:       RESEARCH INSTITUTE

     Main laws/decrees governing higher education

     Name of law/decree:  Law on Education in the Republic of Belarus.
     Date:                      22 October, 1991
     Institution type:  All higher education institutions.

     Name of law/decree:  Regulation on Certification and Accreditation of Educational Institutions.
     Date:                      7 February, 1994
     Institution type:  All education instutions

     Name of law/decree:  Regulation on the Multi-level System of Belarus' Higher Education System
     Date:                      4 August, 1994

Administrative structure of higher education

     Name of body: Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus
     Role:              Provides state education policy, controls quality of education, finances educational establishments.

          Street: Sovietskaya 9
          City: Minsk
          Postal code: 220010
          Telephone: 375-17-2274736
          Fax: 375-17-2208057

     Name of body:  National Institute of Higher Education
     Role:              Responsible for educational research & information on higher education, the Institute also provides training
     courses to new rectors, deans & department heads.

          Street: Moskovskaya 15
          City: Minsk
          Postal code: 220001
          Telephone: 375-172-22815
          Fax: 375-172-228315

     Academic year
     Classes start:     September
     Classes end:       July
     Long vacation:     from 0 July, to 0 August

     Languages of instruction
     Byelorussian, Russian

 Stages and Organization of Higher Education Studies

     Higher vocational/technical studies

In Belarus, specialized vocational education is not part of the higher education system. It belongs to the secondary education sector.


     Date:         1996/1997
     Source:     National Institute of Higher Education, Minsk, 1997