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    Yugoslavia



    Structure of Educational System
    Pre-higher Education System
    Higher Education System
    Administrative structure of higher education
    Admissions to Higher Education and Recognition



    INSTITUTION TYPES & CREDENTIALS

    Types of higher education institutions:

    Univerzitet (University)

    Fakultet (Faculty)

    Umetnicke akademije (Art academies)

    Više Škole (Post-Secondary Schools)

     

    School leaving and higher education credentials:

    Diploma o Završenoj Srednjoj Školi

    Diploma Višeg Obrazovanja

    Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja

    Magistar Nauka

    Doktor Nauka

     

     

    STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION SYSTEM

    Pre-higher education:

    Duration of compulsory education:

    Age of entry: 7

    Age of exit: 15

    Structure of school system:

    Primary

    Type of school providing this education: Primary

    Length of program in years: 8

    Age level from: 7 to: 15

    Secondary

    Type of school providing this education: Secondary (grammar, vocational and art schools)

    Length of program in years: 4

    Age level from: 15 to: 19

    Certificate/diploma awarded: Diploma o Završenoj Srednjoj Školi (Secondary School Certificate)

    School education:

    Primary education lasts for eight years. Secondary education is provided in grammar schools, vocational schools and art schools. The curricula in Serbia and Montenegro are adopted by the Ministers of Education with the prior consent of the Education Councils of both Republics. Grammar schools offer general education in social studies and science. They also prepare for further education, post-secondary schools or faculties. By completing grammar school students acquire four-form secondary education. The certificate awarded at the end is the Diploma o Završenoj Srednjoj Školi.Secondary vocational schools offer both general and vocational (practical and theoretical) education for direct entry in the world of work and further education. The vocational qualification is acquired at the level of first form and second form, then third and fourth form and specialization after secondary education lasting one year. Secondary art schools offer courses in the fields of Music, Art and Ballet.

    Higher education:

    Higher education in Serbia includes university higher education (faculties and art academies) and non-university education (post-secondary schools) where courses last no less than two years and no more than three years. Higher education in Montenegro is only  provided at university level.Universities in Serbia organize art and educational work, as well as other activities, in compliance with the law and its statutes. The faculty is an educational and art institution which includes in its basic activities basic studies, specialized studies, magisterial studies and doctoral studies. The basic studies last between four and six academic years. Specialized studies last between one and two academic years and magisterial studies last for two academic years. Doctoral studies last for three years. Faculties carry out independently or in cooperation with another organization their basic, applied and development research which are in function of educational activity development.

    Main laws/decrees governing higher education:

    Decree: Law on Post-secondary schools in Serbia Year: 1998

    Decree: Law on Universities Year: 1998

    Decree: Law on University (Montenegro) Year: 1992

    Academic year:

    Classes from: Oct to: Jul

    Languages of instruction: Serbian

    Stages of studies:

    Post-secondary studies (technical/vocational type):

    Non-university level:

    Post-secondary higher schools (Više Škole) in FR Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) offer programmes in technical sujects, paramedical sciences and other vocations. They usually run from two to three academic years and lead to a Diploma (Diploma Višeg Obrazovanja) with a professional title (senior nurse, senior medical technician, economist senior designer, transport engineer, senior physiotherapist, etc.).

     

    University level studies:

    University level first stage: Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja:

    Universities and specialized institutes offer programmes that last between four and six years and lead to a Diploma (Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja or Bachelor). Students who are awarded this degree are also awarded a professional title in various scientific and artistic fields (e.g. mechanical engineer, economist, medical doctor).

    University level second stage: Magistar Nauka:

    he Master's Degree programme lasts for at least two years. Upon successful completion of the course work and the defence of a thesis, candidates are awarded a Magistar Nauka.

    University level third stage: Doktor Nauka:

    The Doctorate of Science or Doktor Nauka is the highest academic degree. It is obtained through independent research and does not require structured course work of any kind. Candidates are evaluated on the basis of published research papers and their ability to write and defend a doctoral dissertation.

     

    Teacher education:

    Training of pre-primary and primary/basic school teachers

    Pre-school teachers are trained for two years in post-secondary schools that are specialized in educating and training pre-school teachers or in universities for two years or at the Faculty in Nik (Montenegro).Primary school teachers of Arts and Music are trained in post-secondary art schools (for arts and music). Primary school teachers (grades 1-4) are trained at a teacher training colleges (Više Škole) for four years. Grades 5-8 teachers must complete a four-year programme  in Faculties of Philology, Philosophy and Sciences and Mathematics in the relevant study groups.

    Training of secondary school teachers

    Secondary-school teachers are trained in arts or science faculties. Courses last for four years. Starting in the second year, candidates follow classes in education and teaching methodology in addition to classes in their majors. During the first semester of the last year they may teach in a classroom.

    Training of higher education teachers

    Assistants, docents, faculty professors, regular professors and extraordinary professors are recruited among graduates, postgraduates and holders of a 'Doktor Nauka' (Doctor of Science) degree in relevant fields of higher education and research. A 'Doktor Nauka' degree is the mandatory condition for promotion to the highest positions. Further specialization for all teachers is required by law.

     

     

    NATIONAL BODIES

    Administration & co-ordination:

    Responsible authorities:

    Ministry of Education and Sport of the Republic of Serbia (Ministarstvo prosvete i sporta Republike Srbije)

    Minister: Gaso Knezevic

    Secretary-General: Jelena Tišma

    Nemanjina 24
    11000 Beograd
    Yugoslavia

    Tel: +381(11) 361-6293

    Fax: +381(11) 361-6270

    EMail: minpros@Eunet.yu

     

     

    Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Montenegro (Ministarstvo prosvjete I nauke Republike Crne Gore)

    Minister: Dragan Kujovic

    Senior administrative officer: Danka Latkovic

    Head of International Relations: Zorica Latkovic

    Vuka Karadzica 3
    81000 Podgorica
    Yugoslavia

    Tel: +381(81) 612-999

    Fax: +381(81) 612-996

    EMail: mpin@l.cis.cg.ac.yu

    WWW: http://www.cis.cg.ac.yu

     

     

    Rectors' Conference of Yugoslavia

    President: Radmila Bakoceviæ

    Acting Secretary: Dobrila Soskic-Petrovic

    Kosančičev venac 29
    11000 Belgrade
    Yugoslavia

    Tel: +381(11) 625-166

    Fax: +381(11) 629-785

    EMail: admin@rektorat.arts.bg.ac.yu

     

     

     

    ADMISSIONS TO HIGHER EDUCATION

    Admission to non university higher education studies

    Name of secondary school credential required: Diploma o Završenoj Srednjoj Školi

    For entry to: All programmes.

    Admission to university-level studies

    Name of secondary school credential required: Diploma o Završenoj Srednjoj Školi

    For entry to: All programmes.

    Numerus clausus/restrictions: A system of numerus clausus operates in some universities.

    Other admission requirements: Entrance examination.

    Foreign students admission

    Entry regulations: Foreign candidates should possess an entry visa, a health certificate and proof of financial resources.

    Recognition of studies & qualifications:

    Studies pursued in foreign countries (bodies dealing with recognition of foreign credentials):

    Department for International Education, Cultural and Sport Cooperation, Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Senior Counsellor: Dubravka Radevic

    Kneza Milosa 24-26
    11000 Beograd
    Yugoslavia

    Tel: +381(11) 361-6333

    Fax: +381(11) 361-8030

    Telex: 11143

    EMail: smpi@smip.sv.gov.yu

    WWW: http://www.smip.sv.gov.yu

     

    Services provided & students dealt with: Information, documentation, advisory services to decision makers, liaison with international networks, preparation of agreements.

     

    Multilateral agreements concerning recognition of foreign studies

    Name of agreement: Unesco Convention On the Recognition of Studies, Diplomas and Degrees Concerning Higher Education in the Europe Region

    Year of signature: 1979

     

    STUDENT LIFE

    Student expenses and financial aid

    Student costs:

    Home students tuition fees: Minimum: 7000 (New Yugoslavian Dinar)

    Maximum: 35000 (New Yugoslavian Dinar)

    Foreign students tuition fees: Minimum: 1500 (US Dollar)

    Maximum: 3000 (US Dollar)

     

     

    GRADING SYSTEM

    Usual grading system in secondary school

    Full Description: A 1-5 grading scale is used, with 2 as a passing grade.

    Highest on scale: 5

    Pass/fail level: 2

    Lowest on scale: 1

    Main grading system used by higher education institutions

    Full Description: A 5-10 grading scale is used, with 6 as a pass level.

    Highest on scale: 10

    Pass/fail level: 6/5

    Lowest on scale: 5

     




    Data for academic year: 2000-2001
    Source: Ministry of Education, Belgrade, 2001

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