Department of Sacatepéquez, Panchoy Valley
Antigua, the capital of the Captaincy-General of Guatemala, was founded in the early 16th century. Built 1,500 m above sea-level, in an earthquake-prone region, it was largely destroyed by an earthquake in 1773 but its principal monuments are still preserved as ruins. In the space of under three centuries the city, which was built on a grid pattern inspired by the Italian Renaissance, acquired a number of superb monuments.
Archaeological Park and Ruins of Quirigua
Department of Izabal
Inhabited since the 2nd century A.D., Quirigua had become during the reign of Cauac Sky (723–84) the capital of an autonomous and prosperous state. The ruins of Quirigua contain some outstanding 8th-century monuments and an impressive series of carved stelae and sculpted calendars that constitute an essential source for the study of Mayan civilization.
Parc national de Tikal
Au cœur de la jungle, dans une végétation luxuriante, Tikal est l'un des sites majeurs de la civilisation maya qui fut habité du VIe siècle av. J.-C. au Xe siècle de l'ère chrétienne. Son centre cérémoniel comporte de superbes temples et palais et des places publiques auxquelles on accède par des rampes. Des vestiges d'habitations sont disséminés dans la campagne avoisinante.